Key Stage 2 Phonics

In KS2, our pupils learn new spellings regularly and read larger texts. At home you can remind them of their phonics learning by pointing out a digraph or trigraph or even a split digraph in the books that they are reading. Using this phonics terminology reminds pupils and allows them to make connections with their learning in KS1 to understand the spelling rules.

When your child first enters Key Stage 2, their phonics sessions will move towards being more focused on spelling. For example, there will be more emphasis on understanding and learning the spelling rules, as well as attention to prefixes and suffixes. Appropriate interventions for your child may then be planned to ensure all six phonics phases are secure.

Teachers will continue to use terminology familiar to pupils from Key Stage 1 to allow pupils to understand certain spelling rules. There are statutory spelling lists for Year Three and Four which will be taught alongside the curriculum. 

Digraph: Two letters that make one sound together e.g. sh, ng, ai, ou,

If a pupil was learning to spell the word length their teacher may point out that the digraph 'th' is at the end of this word.

Trigraph: three letters that make one sound e.g. igh, ure, air

If pupils were learning to spell the word disappear the teacher may remind the pupil that the word has the ‘ear’ trigraph at the end.  Similarly, If pupils were spelling the word pressure the teacher could remind pupils that this word has the ‘ure’ trigraph at the end. 

Split Digraph: A split digraph is a digraph that is split by a consonant. Usually a long vowel sound, e.g. 'a-e' (cake), 'i-e' (five), 'o-e' (code), 'e-e' (sphere) and 'u-e' (rule).

If pupils were learning to spell the word complete the pupils could be reminded that the 'ee' in complete is a split digraph split either side of the 't'.