Phonics in Year 2
From Year 2 onwards, children consolidate their phonics knowledge, learning when to apply different spelling rules as well as how to spell plurals and different verb tenses. Pupils may revisit and revise Phase Five phonics and learn these spelling rules through Phase Six.
Phase Two - Four
Your child would have previously learned these sounds in Reception and Year One and will have secured most of them.
Your child will have learned most of Phase Five during Year One ,but will be revisiting this learning during Year Two. Phase Five is made up of alternative sounds which support pupils with spelling and reading. An example of this is in phase Three, pupils learnt the digraph /ow/ as in cow. In Phase Five pupils will then learn the /ou/ digraph as in cloud.
At the start of Phase Six of Letters and Sounds, children will have already learnt the most frequently occurring grapheme–phoneme correspondences (GPCs) in the English language. They will be able to read many familiar words automatically. When they come across unfamiliar words they will, in many cases, be able to decode them quickly and quietly using their well-developed sounding and blending skills. With more complex unfamiliar words they will often be able to decode them by sounding them out.
At this stage children should be able to spell words phonemically although not always correctly. In Phase Six, the main aim is for children to become more fluent readers and more accurate spellers.
What is a suffix? A suffix is a letter, or group of letters, that is added to the end of a root (base) word. A suffix changes the meaning of the root or base word. Therefore, children need to understand the meanings of suffixes and how they affect the words they're attached to.
Pupils will learn about adding suffixes such as -s, -es, -ing, -er, -ed etc.
For example: Root word: Bunch Word with es suffix : Bunches